Most organisations today use teams in some form or another and are realising that getting the best is no easy game. Managers are constantly attempting to crack the team management puzzle. There are various theories and models proposed by authors and researchers around the world in the area of team performance. Every model or framework for high team performance has its merits and many of these theories find application in organisations that are actively seeking ways to improve team performance.
Here we take a look at several team performance models and theories and attempt to interpret the core idea within these methods. The objective is to go beyond the study of the characteristics of an effective team and to actually examine the factors that influence high team performance. This compilation is meant to highlight practices and methods that seem to work in a team environment and to provide insights on the suitable application of these methods in a business context.
Team Performance Models and Theories
- Reinforcement Method
This is a behavioural theory initially developed by B.F.Skinner. It finds application in various spheres of life. One of its uses
- Qualities of High Performance Teams – Katzenbach and Smith
Authors Jon Katzenbach and Douglas Smith, have an interesting perspective on high performance teams.
- Findings on High Performing Teams – Stephen P. Robbins
Author Stephen Robbins in the book titled Essentials of organizational behaviour writes that high-performing teams are
- Belbin Theory on Team Roles
Some people are good at strategic thinking, some have a propensity for action oriented roles
- Knowledge Management Method
The term Knowledge Management was coined fairly recent. Though the concept has always been around, it is only in the information technology age
- Margerison-McCann Work Wheel Model
The Margerison-McCann work wheel model takes into account the task and the combination of teamwork functions